PSHE subject coordinator – Miss Evans
PSHE at Moat Farm Infant School lays the foundations for factual knowledge required by young people in later years. Effective PSHE lessons, encourage children to reflect upon and develop their own values, attributes, personal and social skills including awareness of the values of their own community and others, whilst understanding the beliefs and ideas of their peers and increase their knowledge and understanding, so that they are able to make informed decisions and life choices both now and in the future. This includes positive benefits of loving, rewarding, safe and responsible relationships, developing positive mental health and emotional well-being and develop the skills to be digitally safe. Thus, we hope that the PSHE curriculum at Moat Farm Infant School will allow children to be independent, curious and confident individuals.
We believe that PSHE plays a vital part of Primary Education and is taught explicitly across all year groups within weekly Jigsaw lessons. Our PSHE lessons capture the requirements of the Department for Education for all schools ‘to promote the fundamental British Values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs’. Jigsaw is a comprehensive PSHE Education programme which has two aims for all children: to build their capacity for learning; to provide children with the knowledge and skills to equip them for life. Jigsaw brings together PSHE Education, emotional literacy, mindfulness, social skills and spiritual development. Jigsaw is a whole school approach, with all year groups working on the same theme (puzzle) at the same time.
There are six Puzzles (half-term units of work) each with six lessons which link directly with our school values:
• Being Me in My Word – Collaboration
• Celebrating Difference – Respect
• Dreams and Goals – Creativity
• Healthy Me – Perseverance
• Relationships – Caring
• Changing Me – Reflectiveness
Every year group studies the same Puzzle at the same time (sequentially ordered from September to July), allowing for whole school themes. Each year group is taught one lesson per week and all lessons are delivered in an age-appropriate so that they meet children’s needs. Our PSHE curriculum is constructed using statutory guidance detailed in Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) and Health Education, 2020. In Key Stage 1, each Jigsaw lesson has two learning intentions and are highlighted in either purple or green. The purple learning intention is specific to Relationships and Health Education and the green learning intention is designed to develop emotional literacy and social skills.
Jigsaw lessons follow a set structure that focuses on promoting a calm and safe environment which is grounded in mutual respect and ownership. This is underpinned at the beginning of the school year through sharing The Jigsaw Charter. There are seven elements that we follow in each Jigsaw lesson:
Connect us – This is conducted through a game or activity designed to be fun and inclusive to build and maximise social skills which encourages building positive relationships and enhances collaborative learning.
Calm me – This section of the lessons helps the children to relax and quieten their thought and emotions to a place of optimum learning capacity. This moment also enhances reflection and spiritual development which underpins the mindful approach that Jigsaw advocates.
Open my mind – Though this element, we promote the most important aspects of the lesson to the children. If done well, this will filter out activity around them that is not significant to the learning intention.
Tell me or show me – This element is used to introduce new information, concepts and skills using a range of teaching approaches and activities.
Let me learn – After receiving new learning through information, concepts and skills, children need to manipulate, use and play with new learning in order to internalise it and accommodate it into their existing learning.
Help me reflect – Throughout Jigsaw, children are encouraged to reflect on their learning experiences and progress of the lesson. Through this, children can process and evaluate what they have learning allowing time for consolidation and application.
Closure – At the end of each Jigsaw sessions there needs to be safe closure. This includes the teacher praising the children for their effort and contributions in addition to a brief summary in about the key learning points for the children in the lesson.
In addition to our Jigsaw scheme, we implement circle times to discuss arising issues within the wider world or community, important news events, real-life concepts allowing children to debate, question and discuss. We use the safeguarding programmes ‘NSPCC Speak out. Stay safe.’ and ‘NSPCC PANTS’ to support children’s understanding of; what abuse it and how to recognise it and to support them in understanding their body belongs to themselves. These sessions are delivered at an age-appropiate level to the children.
Throughout their time at Moat Farm Infant School, our children are able to; understand and manage their emotions, look after their own mental health, physical health and well-being, develop positive and healthy relationships with their peers which they can apply in the future and recognise and apply the British Values to everyday life.
Monitoring in PSHE tells us that in Reception 39.3% of children are on track and by the end of Year 2, 94% of children are on track and have achieved the age-related expectations. Our children enjoy PSHE and say it is a safe space where they can talk to their peers and adults about their feelings and emotions. It is evident that most children are able to self-regulate their emotions appropriately. This is as a result of the mindfulness approach to learning our PSHE lessons adopt. At Moat Farm Infant School, our children are equipped with the necessary skills that enable them to progress into healthy, independent and proactive members of their communities; who challenge stereotypes and break perceived barriers that may impact upon their future potential.
• In Reception and KS1, PSHE is taught weekly.
• Prior learning is consolidated through retrieval quizzes at the beginning of each lesson.
• The learning ladybird is shared with children at the beginning of the session and is referred back to at the end of the lesson to
• Opportunities are built upon during child-initiated play in Early Years to encourage turn-taking, being a kind friend, being resilient
• All staff encourage children to show a resilient and persevering attitude towards daily challenges.
• A safe and calm environment is created at the beginning of each lesson.
• A floorbook per class to record all PSHE learning throughout the year.
• Evidence in floorbooks to be recorded in a variety of ways including but not limited to; photographs, blurbs and mind-maps.
• Enhancement days – children’s mental health week, NSPCC Speak out. Stay safe. to be recorded in floorbooks.
At the end of EYFS children will be able to:
• Show an understanding of their own feelings and those of others, and begin to regulate their behaviour accordingly.
• Set and work towards simple goals, being able to wait for what they want and control their immediate impulses when appropriate.
• Give focused attention to what the teacher says, responding appropriately even when engaged in activity, and show an ability to
follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.
• Be confident to try new activities and show independence, resilience and perseverance in the face of challenge.
• Explain the reasons for rules, know right from wrong and try to behave accordingly.
• Manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs, including dressing, going to the toilet and understanding the importance of
healthy food choices.
• Work and play cooperatively and take turns with others.
• Form positive attachments to adults and friendships with peers.
• Show sensitivity to their own and to others’ needs.
At the end of KS1 children will be able to:
• Explain why and how their behaviour might impact on others and express why some choices are better than others.
• Explain what bullying is and why it might happen.
• Understand what gender stereotypes are.
• Describe similarities and differences between themselves and peers and can explain why it is okay to be different.
• Work cooperatively in a group by turn-taking and listening to one another ideas, responding appropriately and respectfully.
• Discuss the role of each person in a group activity and how important each person’s skills were to complete the activity.
• Understand and explain the importance of a healthy lifestyle and the impact it has on the body.
• Knowing what medicine is used for and how it can be used safely.
• Explore relationships and compare how different relationships make them feel.
• Identify different problem-solving techniques and explain how these could be used to solve challenges that arise in relationships.
• Identify private parts of the body using the correct terminology and understand that they are private.
Books that inspire PSHE – Click one to enjoy
Useful Websites and Links
Click to view:
PSHE Information Leaflet
Relationships and Sex Education Policy
PSHE Overview 2023 – 2024
Well Being Menu
SMSC and British Values in PSHE
Progression of Social and Emotional Skills