Reading and Phonics

How we teach reading and phonics at Moat Farm Infant School

Phonics is only one of the ways children are taught to read in our school.
Phonics is the knowledge of letters and the sounds that they make. At Moat Farm Infant School, we use the Letters and Sounds programme to teach phonics.
The children are taught the skills of blending sounds together to read words, segmenting the sounds in a word and choosing the correct letters needed to spell and write it.
All children work on the Letters and Sounds Programme from phase 1-6 and are taught in large or small groups, according to the phase of Letters and Sounds that they are working on.

Phonics in the Early Years Foundation Stage:
Children in nursery will begin on phase one from the Letters and Sounds programme. During phase one a lot of pre phonic skills are developed – sounds discrimination, oral blending and segmenting, rhyme, listening and attention skills. Once children are confident with these skills then they move onto phase two.
Most children are ready for phase two by the time they start Reception. During Reception children will be taught 21 different sounds in phase two. When children have a secure understanding of these sounds, they progress onto phase three. By the end of Reception children are expected to know the 44 phonemes.
Children at the end of Reception are assessed against the Early Learning Goals for reading and writing.
Phonics in KS1:
Children receive 20 minutes of phonic teaching each day and practice applying their knowledge in reading and writing throughout the day.
The majority of children will begin on phase 4 and will be expected to complete phase 6 by the end of year 2.
Children are taught in phonic groups which are best suited to their ability.
At the end of Year One a phonics check is undertaken which is a national requirement.


Reading in the Early Years:
Reading is a very important skill for children to learn. We promote reading in many different ways such as whole class stories, reading in small groups or one to one, role-playing stories etc. Sharing stories with children is just as important as phonics for children in the Early Years Foundation Stage. Children who are read to regularly have better language skills and more developed imaginations than children who don’t have stories read to them at home.

Guided Reading:
Everyone in Key Stage One will receive a 20 minute guided reading session each day. Some children will work with an adult on Guided Reading and some children will be working independently on activities to develop their reading skills. This might include answering comprehension questions, undertaking spelling, punctuation and grammar activities, reading a book of their own choice, reading real and nonsense words or playing reading games.

Home Readers:
In the Early Years Foundation Stage children will take home phonic-based books every week to practice their reading with their parents/carers. These books are matched to children’s reading levels and the phonic phase that they are working on.
In KS1 each child will bring home a book every day that is specifically matched to their reading level, to share with their parents. This book should be read in order to promote the love of reading. This is where they get to spend time sharing these books which will help to support the child’s reading. Children are encouraged to look after these books and return them to school every day!
Reading at home is celebrated in the class or in an assembly with certificates and prizes. Each child will have a reading diary to keep a record of how many books they have read.
Throughout the year we run guided reading and phonic workshops which help parents to support their child.